• Bartolini, Stefano and Mair, Peter. 2007. Identity, Competition, and electoral Availability: the stabiliza- tion of European electorates – 1885–1985. Cambridge: ECPR Press. Daalder, Hans. 1974. “The consociational democracy theme.” World Politics 26, no. 4, 604–621. Daalder, Hans. 2011. State formation, parties and democracy. Studies in comparative European politics. Colchester: ECPR Press.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Dassonneville, Ruth, Hooghe, Marc. 2011. “Mapping electoral volatility in Europe. An analysis of trends in electoral volatility in European democracies since 1945.” 1st European Conference on Comparative Electoral Research, 1. – 3. December 2011. Sofia, Bulgaria.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Devos, Carl and Boucké, Tineke and Staelraeve, Sofie and Verstraete, Tom. 2004. “De schizofrene jaren negentig. Over (schijn)bewegingen in de Belgische politiek.” In: Schijn of scharnier. Politieke trendbreuken in de jaren ’90. Eds. Carl Devos and Helmut Gaus. Gent: Academia Press, 81–120.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Devos, Carl and Bouteca, Nicolas and Van Liefferinge, Hilde and Lannoo, Steven. 2009. “Democracy, parties and representation: a complex and dynamic triangle.” In: Re-Thinking the state. Critical per- spectives on the citizen, politics and government in the 21ste Century. Eds. Filip De Rynck and Bram Verschuere and Ellen Waeyenberg. Mechelen: Wolters Kluwer, 15–40.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Dumont, Patrick and Caulier, Jean-François. 2003. “The “effective number of relevant parties”: How Voting Power Improves Laakso-Taagepera’s Index.” Working Paper, Centre de Recherche en Econ- omie (CEREC) (http://centres.fusl.ac.be/CEREC/document/people/caulier/enrp.pdf.). Duverger, Maurice. 1950. “L’Influence des systèmes électoraux sur la vie politique.” In: L’Influence des systèmes électoraux sur la vie politique. Ed. Maurice Duverger. Paris: Librairie Armand Colin, 11–68. Ersson, Svante. 2012. “Electoral volatility in Europe: Assessments and potential explanations for es- timate differences.” Elections, Public Opinion and Parties (EPOP) Conference, 7. – 9. September 2012, Oxford, United Kingdom.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Grumm, John. G. 1958. “Theories of Electoral Systems.” Midwest Journal of Political Science 2, no. 4, 357–376.
    DOI: 10.2307/2108721
  • Laakso, Markku and Taagepera, Rein. 1979. “Effective number of parties: a measure with application to West Europe.” Comparative Political Studies 12, no. 1, 3–27.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Lijphart, Arend. 1990. “The Political Consequences of Electoral Laws, 1945–85.” The American Political Science Review 84, no. 2, 481–496.
    DOI: 10.2307/1963530
  • Lijphart, Arend. 1994. Electoral systems and party systems: study of twenty-seven democracies, 1945–90. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Lipset, Seymour M. and Rokkan, Stein. 1967a. “Cleavage structures, party systems, and voter alignments: an introduction.” In: Party systems and voter alignments: cross-national perspectives. Eds. Seymour M. Lipset and Stein Rokkan. New York: The Free Press, 1–64.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Lipset, Seymour M. and Rokkan, Stein, eds. 1967b. Party systems and voter alignments: cross-national perspectives. New York: Free Press.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Listhaug, Ola. 1992. “Book review of: Identity, Competition, and Electoral Availability: The Stabilisation of European Electorates 1885–1985 by Stefano Bartolino & Peter Mair.” European Sociological Review 8, no. 1, 98–101.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Mainwaring, Scott and Bejarano, Ana María and Leongómez, Eduardo Pizarro, eds. 2006. The Crisis of Democratic Representation in the Andes. Stanford: Stanford University Press.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Mainwaring, Scott and Zoco, Edurne. 2007. “Political sequences and the stabilization of interparty competition. Electoral volatility in old and new democracies.” Party Politics 13, no. 2, 155–178. Nohlen, Dieter. 1984. “Changes and choices in electoral systems.” In: Choosing an electoral system. Eds. Arend Lijphart and Bernard Groffman. New York: Prager, pp. 217–224.
    DOI: 10.1177/1354068807073852
  • Pedersen, Mogens N. 1979. “The Dynamics of European Party Systems: Changing Patterns of Electoral Volatility.” European Journal of Political Research 7, no. 1, 1–26.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-6765.1979.tb01267.x
  • Rae, Douglas W. 1968. “A note on the fractionalization of some European party systems.” Comparative Political Studies 1, no. 4, 413–418.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Rae, Douglas W. 1971. The political consequences of electoral laws. New Haven: Yale University Press. Reeve, Andrew and Ware, Alan. 1992. Electoral systems: a comparative and theoretical introduction. London: Routledge.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Rose, Richard and Urwin, Derek W. 1970. “Persistence and change in Western party systems since 1945.” Political Studies 18, no. 3, 287–319.
    DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9248.1970.tb00436.x
  • Schamp, Tom and Devos, Carl. 2013a. “National party system dynamics and electoral volatility in Belgium under conditions of changing social, political and institutional change.” ECPR’s Joint Sessions of Workshops, 11. – 16. March 2013. Mainz, Germany.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Schamp, Tom and Devos, Carl. 2013b. “A statistical historiography of Belgium’s national electoral and party system: background paper.” ECPR’s Joint Sessions of Workshops, 11.–16. March 2013. Mainz, Germany. Schamp, Tom. 2014a. “De vlottende kiezer in een versplinterd partijlandschap.” In: België#2014. Een politieke geschiedenis van morgen. Ed. Carl Devos. Gent: Borgerhoff & Lamberigts, 91–113. Schamp, Tom. 2014b. “Voor wie met de verkiezingen niets te maken wil hebben.” De Morgen.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • 20th March 2014, 3.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>
  • Walgrave, Stefaan and Lefevere, Jonas and Hooghe, Marc. 2010. “Volatiel of wispelturig? Hoeveel en welke kiezers veranderden van stemvoorkeur tijdens de campagne?” In: De stemmen van het volk. Een analyse van het kiesgedrag in Vlaanderen en Wallonië op 10 juni 2009. Eds. Kris Deschouwer and Pascal Delwit and Marc Hooghe and Stefaan Walgrave. Brüssel: VUB Press, 29–50.
    DOI: <nenalezeno>