The paper discuss a set of issues related to the making of major and minor poles and of emerging patterns of party competition in post-authoritarian party arrangements in Greece, Spain and Portugal in late 1970s and early 1980s. A special attention is paid to the role of centralist and centre-positioned parties and/or alliances. Although some common points could be identified, the early post-authoritarian party system in Greece, Spanish and Portugal showed rather individual dynamics with respect to development of configuration of poles and of prevailing patterns of party competition and co-operation. In order to assess properly the dynamics, outcomes and mid- and long-term impacts of processes of reproduction and/or transformation of configuration of poles, the identities and properties of individual poles and their interaction fields should be analyzed thoroughly. It seems that a key role has been played in this respect by elements of heterogeneity within ideologically defined areas and by historically determined organizational deficits persisting within party families. The making and successful reproduction of major post-authoritarian party poles required capacities to occupy and control effectively large and heterogeneous sectors of political space. This was an extremely difficult task, especially for early post-authoritarian centre-based formations (e.g. the Spanish UCD in a position of major pole, the Greek EDIK in a position of minor pole) which, in the end, proved to be too much vulnerable. The elimination of these compounded poles could be regarded, in the long run, a prerequisite for an effective (but not necessarily symmetrical) re-structuration of party system and for establishing of relatively stable patterned interactions of major party and political actors.
party system, Greece, Spanish, Portugal, Polarity, post-authoritarian system, politický system, Řecko, Španělsko, Portugalsko, polarita, postautoritářský systém